A lack of access to public transport is leaving Australia’s outer suburban communities at a disadvantage.
A new report from Infrastructure Australia, Outer Urban Public Transport: Improving accessibility in lower-density areas, has assessed the frequency and accessibility of public transport services in Australia’s major cities as the country prepares for unprecedented population growth in coming years.
Infrastructure Australia Executive Director of Policy and Research, Peter Colacino, said, “With the release of this new report, Outer Urban Public Transport, Infrastructure Australia is calling on state governments to improve the efficiency of existing transport networks and consider new models to service communities in the growing outer suburbs.
“While existing transport infrastructure serves inner city areas well, people living on the outskirts of our major cities are being disadvantaged by a lack of access to frequent public transport services. This impacts on their ability to access jobs, education and other opportunities to improve the quality of their lives.
“Close to half the population of our five largest cities—Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide—live in the outer suburbs. However, our research shows that people living in these areas experience lower levels of service and accessibility to public transport, poor service frequencies and longer travel times compared to inner city residents.
“Across all five cities, a substantial number of people living in the outer suburbs do not have frequent public transport services within walking distance of their home. In Melbourne, more than 1.4 million people fall into this category, with more than one million in Sydney and Brisbane, half a million people in Perth and 200,000 people in Adelaide.
“While costs of housing can be cheaper in outer suburbs, often they are less well served by public transport. Without access to reasonable public transport services, people living or working in our outer suburbs are more reliant on their cars—meaning they shoulder the burden of additional vehicle operating costs, leaving less money for other household expenses compared to commuters in inner suburbs.
Mr Colacino said in the past, it has been very costly to deliver public transport in lower-density, outer suburban areas where houses and employment centres are typically spread over large distances. As a result, people prefer to take the most direct route by driving, rather than taking a train or bus—adding to congestion in our growing cities.
“Traditional public transport models are most efficient and effective in areas of high demand, often requiring higher density. However, new technology and delivery models, such as on-demand buses, offer an immediate opportunity to confront these challenges by increasing the flexibility and reach of the network, and therefore serving a more diverse range of destinations.
“This report makes a clear case for governments to consider new models such as on-demand buses and ride-sharing to complement more traditional modes, like bus and rail.
“We also want governments and transport operators to do more to encourage people to transfer between public transport services, which helps to increase the flexibility and reach of the network. This includes investing in well-designed interchanges, extending integrated ticketing systems to new modes, and introducing fare incentives that actively encourage people to transfer between modes to get to their destination,” Mr Colacino said.